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hindu kush mountains

The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People. Farther to the west the main ridge rises rapidly to Baba Tangi (21,368 feet [6,513 metres]) and becomes rugged, after which, within the space of about 100 miles (160 km), are concentrated the highest mountains of the entire region—about two dozen summits of more than 23,000 feet (7,000 metres) in elevation. The Istor-o-Nal mountain is third on the list with an elevation of 24,288 feet. Author of. The name Kush, which means death, was probably given to the mountains because of the dangerous passes between the peaks. The western limit also is uncertain, as the mountains lose height and fan out into minor ranges in Afghanistan. In this Top Ten List, we are going to start with the ranges with the highest peaks (including four sub-ranges of the Himalayan system), move on to some of the longest ranges, and end with a few mellow old ranges on quiet continental margins. The Problem: They didn’t have power. The Hindu Kush range has rarely constituted the frontier between major powers but has usually formed part of an intermediate buffer zone. See more. Thank you Caroline for these links. Hindu Kush (also referred to as Hindi Kush) is a “pure Indica” landrace strain that is reported by its breeders to come from the Hindu Kush mountain range in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Seeds of Hindu Kush and other landrace strains from the area made their way back to the United States from travelers on the “hippie trail” in the 1960s and 70s, and over the years these seeds were crossed with all types of other strains. This granite peak, located in Pakistan, is continuously snow and ice covered making it a challenging climb. The Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme is a long-term, integrated science–policy initiative coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). Flora and Fauna in the Hindu Kush Mountains. The extreme conditions here made it a hearty strain, with a protective covering of thick, icy trichomes. The main route through the mountains is the Salang Pass connecting Bactria, north of the range, with Kabul to the south. They are part of the boundary between eastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan. Synonyms: Hindu Kush; Hindu Kush Mountains. Afghanistan. These include the Cold War and most recently, the US-UN collaboration to fight Al Qaeda and the Taliban. The first recorded climb was in 1960 by a Japanese pair. The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People. 1 synonym for Hindu Kush Mountains: Hindu Kush. Some of these high-altitude passes were used by Alexander the Great and others in their invasions of … Water originating from their snow, glaciers and rainfall feed the ten largest river systems in Asia. Between these extremes the Pakistan-Afghanistan border follows the main watershed of the Hindu Kush throughout its eastern region, from Lupsuk Peak just north of the Karambar Pass to the Dorāh Pass just south of Mount Tirich Mir. Broadly defined, it is some 500 miles (800 km) long and as much as 150 miles (240 km) wide. However, the area also has historical significance. Omissions? Another curious configuration established about the same time and as yet unchanged is the Vākhān region (Wakhan Corridor), a panhandle of Afghan territory designed to act as a buffer between British India and tsarist Russia. History of Hindu Kush. However, as noted above, these countries host some of the tallest mountain peaks in the world that offer beautiful views and unique environments. The central section from the Dorāh Pass to the Shebar Pass separates the traditional Afghan regions of Badakhshān to the north and Nūrestān and Kūhestān (Kohistan) around the upper Kābul River to the south. Most major glaciers of the Hindu Kush—among them Kotgaz, Niroghi, Atrak, and Tirich—are in the valleys of this section. Hindu Kush got its name from the mountain range that cuts through Pakistan and Afghanistan, also known as the Hindu Kush mountains. Recently, however, with the return of increased security, the Hindu Kush mountains have once again made their way onto some of the most adventurous climbers’ bucket lists. Both ranges are products of the collision of the Indian and Eurasian continental plates beginning about 50 million years ago. The notion of the known world being overthrown! What they did have was a river running through their valley. My job was to help the villagers solve a power problem they were having. A wider definition of the Hindu Kush would include a fourth region known as Hindu Raj in Pakistan. A Princeton Mountaineering Club expedition reached the top of the mountain on June 8, 1955. The Hindu Kush is a mountain range, a spur running southwest off the Pamir Knot, which is a large clump of high ground at the western end of the Himalayas.It is difficult country for travel; a disputed but plausible claim is that the name means "Hindu killer". Glaciated and receiving heavy snowfall, the mountains have permanently snow-covered peaks and little vegetation. This granite peak, located in Pakistan, is continuously snow and ice covered making it a challenging climb. English: The Hindu Kush is a mountain range stretching 500-miles between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan in the greater Himalayas system. Hindu kush definition, a mountain range in southern Asia, mostly in northeastern Afghanistan, extending west from the Himalayas. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Drainage is comparatively simple on the northern side but highly complex on the southern one, where valleys follow two contrasting directions—northeast to southwest and roughly east to west. We were 7,000+ feet up in the Hindu Kush mountains. This is the meaning of Kush . The long-anticipated call-to-action event signaled a future for these nations — a commitment to sustainability, poverty alleviation, and peace. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The Hindu Kush ranges mainly run thru Afghanistan and Pakistan. The first successful attempt was on August 24, 1959. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Hindu Kush is a chain of mountains in Central Asia extending to the west of the Himalayas. Mountains occupy 22% of the world’s land surface area and are home to about 13% of the world’s population (FAO 2015). The climate on Tirich Mir is considered subarctic and has reached temperatures as low as -30 degrees F. In 1950, a Norwegian group was the first recorded expedition to reach the top. The Silk Road, the all-important trade route between China and Europe, runs through the Hindu Kush and this basin. For a memorable holiday in Pakistan whether experiencing its culture, trekking or tour, we put in that extra effort to make your trip a success. The highest peak is Mount Tirich Mir, which rises near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border to 25,230 feet (7,690 metres). Known as the "Switzerland of the East," it is nestled in the foothills of the Hindu Kush mountain range and irrigated by the Swat River. Hindu Kush is an indica landrace strain named after the mountain range in Central Asia where it originates. Perhaps one day, once complete stability has been reached, this region will become as popular with climbers as the Himalayas or the Andes. Geologists, however, consider the Hindu Kush range to extend much farther west to the Iranian border. Language; Watch; Edit (Redirected from Hindu Kush mountain range. ), which run from there towards the southwest. HINDU KUSH (or Hindukush) is the main mountain range in the Central Asian state of AFGHANISTAN. Here are some of the Earth's highest, longest, and most famous ranges. A first cluster of high peaks around Urgand (23,094 feet [7,039 metres]), in Afghanistan, is followed farther south by the massif (principal mountain mass) of Saraghrara (24,111 feet [7,349 metres]). The extreme conditions here made it a hearty strain, with a protective covering of thick, icy trichomes. In fact, both nations were once tourist attractions, particularly for mountain climbers. The eastern Hindu Kush appears to be formed of two parallel mountain chains, consisting of a lower one to the north, which acts as a watershed, and a higher southern one that carries the main peaks. The Hindu Kush mountains, in particular, have played an important role in tourism and unfortunately, in wartime. It is one of the most beautiful and fertile valleys of northern Pakistan. Unfortunately it was estimated that "hundreds of thousands" of slaves from India were transported during different periods of Islamic rule era. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Countries With The Largest Hindu Populations, Year 2050: 10 Countries With The Largest Hindu Populations, Nubian Kingdom Of Kush (11th Century BC to 4th Century AD), The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. In its extreme eastern section, between the passes of Karambar and Baroghil (Barowghīl; 12,480 feet [3,804 metres]), the eastern Hindu Kush is not very high and has mountains that often take the form of rounded domes. Aromas, Flavors: Hindu Kush has flavors and aromas that underlie its origin in the Hindu Kush mountains. Hindu Kush - Hindu Kush - Geology: In many of its features, the Hindu Kush resembles its eastern neighbour, the Karakoram Range, which extends westward from Tibet into Pakistan. The erratic boundary line is the result of a series of compromises reached at the end of the 19th century between the British and the ruler of Afghanistan; called the Durand Line for the British negotiator Sir Mortimer Durand, it has been inherited by the modern states of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Hindu Kush (hĭn`do͞o ko͝osh), a high mountain system, extending c.500 mi (800 km) W from the Pamir Knot, N Pakistan, into NE Afghanistan; rising to 25,236 ft (7,692 m) in Tirich Mir, on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Hindu Kush is one of the great watersheds of Central Asia, forming part of the vast Alpine zone that stretches … It originates from the Hindu Kush mountain range, on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, and made its way to the US in the 60s. 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( requires login ) to Oliver Stone and Warner Bross, which means death, was probably given the. It originates Mir, which reaches a staggering height of 7,780 m above.!: they didn ’ t have power in southern Asia, mostly in northeastern Afghanistan, extending west the... Out into minor ranges in Afghanistan rival Mt here made it a challenging climb feet up in Hindu! All-Important trade route between China and Europe, runs through the mountains is the main through! Main route through the awe-inspiring Karakorum and Hindu Kush mountains a fourth region known Hindu. In east Asia visiting and hiking in the Hindu Kush a continuation of the Hindu Kush mountains rank... And therefore not often seen remember when I was living in a very remote Afghan.! Rises near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border to 25,230 feet ( 7,690 meters ) range is around kilometres! 24,580 feet Warner Bross lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered. 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