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[4], On November 24, 1936, 1,074 of the nation's 45,000 post offices were designated "typing centers" to type up Social Security cards that were then sent to Washington, D.C. On December 1, 1936, as part of the publicity campaign for the new program, Joseph L. Fay of the Social Security Administration selected a record from the top of the first stack of 1,000 records and announced that the first Social Security number in history was assigned to John David Sweeney, Jr., of New Rochelle, New York. Thus, the area number did not necessarily represent the state of residence of the applicant regardless of whether the card was issued prior to, or after, 1973. [8] The Tax Reform Act of 1986 required parents to list Social Security numbers for each dependent over the age of 5 for whom the parent wanted to claim a tax deduction. Employee, patient, student, and credit records are sometimes indexed by Social Security number. This website is produced and published at U.S. taxpayer expense. Do not pay for something we will give you free. [39] Since group numbers were allocated in a regular pattern, it was possible to identify an unissued SSN that contained an invalid group number. One famous instance of this occurred in 1938 when the E. H. Ferree Company in Lockport, New York, decided to promote its product by showing how a Social Security card would fit into its wallets. A few duplications did occur when prenumbered cards were sent out to regional SSA offices and (originally) post offices. In the United States, The Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. temporary (working) residents, permanent residents, and citizens. Social Security account to apply for a replacement Social Security card online if you: If your driver’s license or state-issued identification card was issued by one of the states listed below, this service is not yet available. Such cards are issued to U.S. citizens and U.S. permanent residents. Numbers with all zeros in any digit group (. In the same way, the Social Security Number has become very important in the United States. The Social Security number is a nine-digit number in the format "AAA-GG-SSSS". Prior to the 2011 randomization process, the first three digits or area numbers were assigned by geographical region. Furnishing number to other persons: Any person with respect to whom a return, statement, or other document is required under the authority of this title to be made by another person or whose identifying number is required to be shown on a return of another person shall furnish to such other person such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing their proper identification. It has since come to be used as an identifier for individuals within the United States, although rare errors occur where duplicates do exist. One reads "not valid for employment." The Internal Revenue Code also provides, when required by regulations prescribed by the secretary of the treasury or their delegate: According to U.S. Treasury regulations, any person who, after October 31, 1962, works as an employee for wages subject to Social Security taxes, Medicare taxes, or U.S. federal income tax withholdings is required to apply for "an account number" using Form SS-5.[24]. Inclusion in returns: Any person required under the authority of this title to make a return, statement, or other document shall include in such return, statement, or other document such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing proper identification of such person. [9] Before this act, parents claiming tax deductions were simply trusted not to lie about the number of children they supported. Among its changes, it eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, previously referred to as the Area Number, by no longer allocating the Area Numbers for assignment to individuals in specific states. Learn how to protect yourself and report scams. It is indispensable on passport applications, tax returns, financial account reporting and numerous other business forms. U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007. ", "Can I change my Social Security number? The number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration, an independent agency of the United States government. Day care services have tax benefits, and even a sole proprietor should give parents an EIN (employer identification number) to use on their tax return. § 405(c)(2). "The Story of the Social Security Number." You should keep your Social Security card in a safe place with your other important papers and avoid giving it out unnecessarily. Since you will be working in the U.S., you will first need to apply for a Social Security card. Social Security numbers are also used as identification numbers for tax purposes. In the event of duplicates having been issued. To apply for a Social Security number for a child under age 12 the following steps are required. The Social Insurance Number (SIN) is a 9 digit number that you need to work in Canada or to have access to government programs and benefits. Repeated numbers indicate that they have been transferred to another location or they're shared by more than one location. Social Security numbers are issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA) to all US citizens and permanent residents. A social security number is a number that is issued to all U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, and certain non-immigrants. Instead, a driver's license or state ID card is used as an identification for adults. Within three months, 25 million numbers were issued. Exacerbating the problem of using the Social Security number as an identifier is the fact that the Social Security card contains no biometric identifiers of any sort, making it essentially impossible to tell whether a person using a certain SSN truly belongs to someone without relying on other documentation (which may itself have been falsely procured through use of the fraudulent SSN). The other reads "valid for work only with. Congress has proposed federal laws that restrict the use of SSNs for identification and bans their use for a number of commercial purposes—e.g., rental applications.[26]. And now it has gone … The applicant's mailing address did not have to be the same as their place of residence. The disappearance of these dependents is believed to have involved either children who never existed or tax deductions improperly claimed by non-custodial parents. [35] This should not be confused with Tax Identification Numbers (TINs), which include additional area numbers.[36]. Many citizens and privacy advocates are concerned about the disclosure and processing of Social Security numbers. [2] Although some people do not have an SSN assigned to them, it is becoming increasingly difficult to engage in legitimate financial activities such as applying for a loan or a bank account without one. Scammers are pretending to be government employees. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has consolidated its overseas operations and will no longer be offering social security assistance through the United States Embassy or Consulates in Canada. Ideally, you know where your Social Security card is and can check it if you can't remember your number. [citation needed] Since then, parents have often applied for Social Security numbers for their children soon after birth; today, it can be done on the application for a birth certificate.[12]. The new SSN card design utilizes both covert and overt security features created by the SSA and GPO design teams. [31] The number is divided into three parts: the first three digits, known as the area number because they were formerly assigned by geographical region; the middle two digits, known as the group number; and the final four digits, known as the serial number. Its primary purpose is to track individuals for Social Security purposes. It can be applying on Form SS-5, application for A Social Security Number Card. This working status eventually expires even though your social security number is valid. This government-issued credential is a unique identifying number (SSN) that U.S. citizens, and some non-U.S. citizens, need for several significant purposes. ... obtained a U.S. Visa that allows you to work in the U.S. you must apply for a Social Security Card after you enter the United States of America. A social security number is issued by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA). The Social Security Administration's account of the incident also claims that the fake card was half the size of a real card, despite a miniature card being useless for its purpose and despite Whitcher's holding two cards of apparently identical size in the accompanying photograph. [42], More recently, Todd Davis distributed his SSN in advertisements for his company's LifeLock identity theft protection service, which allowed his identity to be stolen over a dozen times.[43][44]. [27] In accordance with §7213 of the 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 2004 and 20 CFR 422.103, the number of replacement Social Security cards per person is generally limited to three per calendar year and ten in a lifetime. In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as 42 U.S.C. As a US citizen, you unfortunately cannot file a W7 for an ITIN and will need to apply for a Social Security number. [10] In 1988, the threshold was lowered to two years old, and in 1990, the threshold was lowered yet again to one year old. The Old Order Amish have fought to prevent universal Social Security by overturning rules such as a requirement to provide a Social Security number for a hunting license. Social Security Administration. If you wait to apply for a number at a Social Security office, there may be delays while SSA verifies your child’s birth certificate. an application, TAKE OR MAIL The process can take some time but being organized and having as many of the documents /information (mentioned above) as possible when you go to the appointment with the Social Security will help ensure that you don’t get sent home and needing to set up another … [34] Before SSN randomization took effect, they represented a straight numerical sequence of digits from 0001 to 9999 within the group. Social Security numbers are issued to American citizens and foreign citizens who are approved to work in the United States. There are also two restricted types of Social Security cards: In 2004 Congress passed The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act; parts of which mandated that the Social Security Administration redesign the SSN card to prevent forgery. Previously unassigned area numbers have been introduced for assignment, excluding area numbers 000, 666 and 900–999. It is generally needed for employment purposes. Important: After you apply, it will take 4 to 6 weeks for your Social Security Card to arrive. what documents you need, FILL OUT & PRINT ", "New Numbers for Domestic Violence Victims", "Did you know…? Beginning in June 2011, the DOD began removing the Social Security number from military identification cards. Steps for Obtaining a Social Security Number. Individuals residing in Canada who require social security services or have questions about SSA benefits must contact their nearest SSA field office in the United States. [32] SSN randomization affected the SSN assignment process in the following ways: Because Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs) are issued by the IRS, they were not affected by this SSA change. Although the original purpose for the number was for the Social Security Administration to track individuals,[1] the Social Security number has become a de facto national identification number for taxation and other purposes. If you want to receive an SSN while studying in the United States, follow these steps: 1. The Social Security Administration has suggested that, if asked to provide his or her Social Security number, a citizen should ask which law requires its use. Social Security numbers contain nine digits. In cases where the person has been a victim of domestic violence or harassment, and there is a clear need to change their number for their personal safety. Where sequential numbers assigned to members of the same family are causing problems. Prior to June 25, 2011, a valid SSN could not have an area number between 734 and 749, or above 772, the highest area number the Social Security Administration had allocated. [14], Social Security was originally a universal tax, but when Medicare was passed in 1965, objecting religious groups in existence prior to 1951 were allowed to opt out of the system. Suze Orman explains how a my Social Security account … The easiest way to get a Social Security number for your child is at the hospital after they are born when you apply for your child’s birth certificate. [2], A Social Security number may be obtained by applying on Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Number Card. Even before SSN randomization, the group numbers were not assigned consecutively within an area. It is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration. ", "A tale of two women: same birthday, same Social Security number, same big-data mess", "Social Security Cards Issued by Woolworth", "LifeLock CEO's Identity Stolen 13 Times", "LifeLock CEO said to be victim of identity theft 13 times", United States Social Security Death Index, Social Security Cards Issued by Woolworth, Complete list of area number groups from the Social Security Administration, Social Security Administration's FAQ for Social Security Numbers, Hearing on Removing Social Security Numbers from Medicare Cards, How to Replace a Lost or Stolen Security Card, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_Security_number&oldid=1000730656, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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