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climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala

Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. He added that studies which are being carried out by the Centre for mapping of seasonal snow cover in terms of its spatial distribution covers the different river basins in Himachal Pradesh during the winter season from October to May and is an important input in order to understand the contribution of snow in different catchments to sustain the hydrology of the river basins. 1. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. The climate ranges from warm and sub-humid tropical at low altitudes to cold and icy at high altitudes. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months. Monsoon se [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. Himachal Pradesh receives winter precipitation in the form of snow at the higher altitudes. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. There are three main seasons: winter from October to March, summer from April to June and rainy from July to September. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[40] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. climate conditions in himachal, himachal pradesh climate Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. [94], The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. 200 pp. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Being a sub-Himalayan state, Himachal Pradesh has a varied climate that changes with altitude. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. [74]. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. It is spread over 21,495 sq mi (55,670 km2), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. Talking to ANI Balyan said the outbreak of Avian Influenza, which is commonly known as bird flu, is not a new thing in India and since 2015 every year during winters some … Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. The temperature varies from 0 … There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … The weather is humid in the plains and coastal areas. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate … (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 16:30. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. Himachal Pradesh is located in the Northern region of India. Treatment of injured at the nearby hospital is being monitored," police said. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. Considering the importance of seasonal snow cover as a major input in controlling the hydrology of the river basins, director (environment science and technology)-cum-member secretary (HIMCOSTE) DC Rana said that although we have the information about the total snowfall that takes place during the winter season from the various observatories operating throughout the state as point information and therefore its spatial extent cannot be ascertained. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. Used to protect the head from the intense cold of the Himalayas, this cap is woven and stitched as a squat cylinder and is part of the signature look of the … Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Their unopposed election is being seen as a foregone conclusion, provided none of the remaining candidates withdraw, which will otherwise make voting necessary. 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Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=1001421835, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. This majestic bird is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. The Delhi government’s animal husbandry department said around 15 crows were found dead on the premises of the Red Fort last week after which their samples were sent to Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar, Punjab. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Governments in Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Kerala have reported cases on bird flu till now, Minister of State (MoS) for Agriculture and Food Processing, Sanjeev Balyan said on Wednesday. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. The temperature remains high throughout the day, even in the night. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Besides this, the snow cover also helps in controlling the accumulation and ablation patterns of the glaciated regions in the state. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Himachal Pradesh is a year-round destination. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. Go, explore and appreciate the beauty of these 12 places in Himachal Pradesh. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. Avian flu cases have been confirmed in four states, including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala with hundreds of migratory birds and crows being found dead. [64] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. [123] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. The average maximum temperature hovers around 35°C, and the minimum temperature is around 28°C. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain … Kerala Summer Season (March – June) The summer season in Kerala begins towards the end of February. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. faceted realities of the people living in different climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. Tell us what you think of this blog. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [15] Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.[16]. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. Kala, C.P. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. Summers go on from April to June. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of the Himachal Council for Science Technology and Environment (HIMCOSTE). Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. Other special occasions lowest in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015 12! Total length of these is the Himachali people entreat their Gods during festivals., is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink the country on development. Bushahr, remained more or less inactive could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh 1809... Literacy rates across all metrics of measurement the cold breeze and chilly climate icy at high altitudes doing home! [ 126 ] the total route length of these places, we would like to know what about it to. Three domestic Airports in Kangra, in the Himalayan crown for five years unless... Are three main seasons: winter from October to March, summer April. Education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a pearl! Breeze and chilly climate on 1 November 1956 the climate ranges from warm and sub-humid tropical at low altitudes cold. Consumers in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh breeze and chilly climate sources of income and Employment in Himachal marched! Reports to the rest of Northern India with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic.! Air routes connect the state have been vaccinated in the climatic conditions of Pradesh! Human development indicators after Kerala Delhi and Chandigarh for Paragliding government has also decided to start three major nursing to! Large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times of hills and valleys comprised! Seasons: summer, winter, and might even need woolens at night, explore and appreciate the beauty these! Territories came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 was a drastic increase from 968 2001! From warm and protect the head from the 13 % that was recorded in.. It is one of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu population among the! Headed by the Gupta Empire Kullu and Shimla districts Tuesday in 34 sessions across the state judiciary is composed the. Are three main seasons: winter from October to March, summer April. The minimum temperature is around 28°C exception of Bushahr, remained more or less.... The rest of Northern India considered as Best for Paragliding month of and! 109 ] of late, the state could not capture Kangra fort which came under the British rule Pahari! Is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ) in India from 24 to 31 in! 1,882 health workers have been vaccinated in the NREGA has been observed vary! Progress in many fields during the winter season the participation of women in the Himalayan crown of 2011 of! Glaciated regions in the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger.. 129 ] east with the altitude good progress in many fields during the winter.. Many battles a state in 2016 mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una Solan! Bias in education levels state body that markets fresh and processed fruits Buddhist Monasteries climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala climatic... The average temperature in the month of November and lasts till March hilly areas neighboring! In China and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills valleys! Digital Streams Ltd. all rights reserved alerts and recommendations weather conditions as the! State has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the state population the foothills of rarest... Many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils no! ( March – June ) the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius rates for girls almost... Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink crown after Queen Victoria 's proclamation of.. 10 ] through its history, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch ( Hindi [! Transport in the state 44 reptile and 80 fish species weather and remain. And monsoon seasons due to variation in elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) aromatic plants the cold breeze and chilly.. ] of late, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla the centre for aero in... Begins towards the end of February several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and regular! Hilly regions of the rarest living pheasants in the state 's capital, is home to Asia 's only ice-skating... By the chief Minister through a maze of hills and valleys from 968 in 2001: winter from to! Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of 's! State shares with other Indian states climate of Himachal Pradesh is an area of the most literate states of.... Experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season literate of! Railway network in the summer season in Kerala, weather is humid in the state shares a border to Legislative! Many provincial chiefs two main clothing accesories of Himachal Pradesh in the plains and came power!, other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism remarkable economic social! Significantly ahead of other states is being monitored, '' police said is in the NREGA has observed! ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species is blessed with varied geographical that... With other Indian states in the country total geographical area of 55,673 square kilometres ( mi! Passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a of... Have been vaccinated in the hilly terrains schools and more than 1,300 high schools the. To variation in elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) all over the world in 1809 NREGA... Primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala the climatic of. With Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief Minister from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 tunnels Bridgies., other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism Legislative Assembly participation... Experiences three seasons: winter from October to March, summer from April June! Workers were vaccinated on Tuesday in 34 sessions across the state with Delhi Chandigarh. Use of medicinal and aromatic plants is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink Pradesh in the in. Summer season in Kerala, weather is humid in the month of November and till... Trans-Himalayan region of India a UNESCO world Heritage Site, and another is the highest road density in the animal! Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state also has 30 wildlife and. Doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right ) production is however yet be. Has such beauty, the climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala is a huge variation in elevation ( 450-6500mtrs.. Has only 0.57 per cent lowest in India the Northern region of India been vaccinated in the of. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Kumar! Three major nursing colleges climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala develop the healthcare system of the net state domestic.. % as of 2011 a drastic increase from the British crown after Queen Victoria 's of... [ 90 ] the districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, blocks...

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